Table 4.

Mean Levels of Adult Risk Factors by BMI in Childhood and Adulthood

Childhood BMI PercentileOverallAdult BMI (kg/m2)
<25 kg/m2≥30 kg/m2
<50th
Percentile
>95th
Percentile
<50th
Percentile
≥95th
Percentile
<50th
Percentile
≥95th
Percentile
N 13171869501296144
Race (% black) 33 3633254542
Sex (% female) 57 5059335849
Childhood BMI percentile 24 9722962898
Adult levels
 Age (y)27 ± 527 ± 527252927
 BMI (kg/m2)22.5 ± 4* 34.9 ± 7* 21.1* 23.6* 33.2* 38.1*
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)178 ± 37* 186 ± 37* 173166198191
 Triglycerides (mg/dL) 82 ± 82* 108 ± 115* 76* 53* 130124
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)112 ± 33* 121 ± 34* 107103130126
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)52 ± 15* 45 ± 14* 54554242
 Insulin (mU/L) 8 ± 6* 14 ± 14* 771717
 Diabetes (%) 1* 4* 0033
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)112 ± 10* 117 ± 12* 111105117119
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)72 ± 8* 76 ± 10* 71687778
  • * P < .05 for difference in adult levels of BMI and risk factors between participants whose childhood BMI was <50th or ≥95th percentile.

  • Mean levels of triglycerides and insulin were based on log-transformed values, and represent geometric means. Standard deviations are based on the original, untransformed values.