Table 3.

Relationship of BMI and Triceps Skinfold Thickness to Risk Factor Levels in Adulthood

Risk Factors in Adulthood*
Total CholesterolTriglyceridesLDL CholesterolHDL CholesterolInsulinSystolic Blood PressureDiastolic Blood Pressure
Adult levels
 BMI0.26 0.360.29−0.310.590.230.21
 Triceps skinfold thickness0.200.250.23−0.240.510.150.17
Childhood levels
 BMI percentile0.100.160.11−0.140.260.080.09
 Triceps skinfold thickness0.100.120.08−0.120.210.070.07
Change in BMI during follow-up 0.170.220.20−0.180.340.150.13
Childhood BMI percentile adjusted for adult BMI−0.08−0.09−0.090.07−0.15−0.07−0.05
  • LDL indicates low density lipoprotein.

  • * With the exception of insulin, all analyses are based on the 2587 participants with complete data on all risk factors; analyses of insulin are based on 2531 participants. Given the large sample size, a correlation of ∼0.06 would be statistically significant at the .001 level.

  • Values are Spearman correlation coefficients adjusted for race, sex, and age. The last row presents correlation coefficients with childhood BMI that have also controlled for adult BMI levels.

  • Based on BMI percentiles in both childhood and adulthood; the latter percentile was calculated from the sex-specific rankings of all participants in the current study. Change was calculated as BMI percentile in adulthood minus BMI percentile in childhood; a positive value indicates that the relative BMI level increased between childhood and adulthood.