Table 1.

Mean and Standard Deviations for All the Variables Measured on the Initial Visit and the Rate of Increasing Adiposity Over the Course of the Study*

VariableWhite Boys
(n = 17)
White Girls
(n = 55)
Black Boys
(n = 19)
Black Girls
(n = 24)
2-Way ANOVA
Age (y)8.70 ± 1.768.10 ± 1.387.59 ± 1.58.05 ± 1.73NS
Weight (kg)32.63 ± 11.9728.58 ± 7.4131.11 ± 8.7332.16 ± 11.37NS
FM (kg)9.38 ± 6.518.33 ± 4.198.13 ± 5.2110.62 ± 6.68NS
Lean mass (kg)22.00 ± 5.7719.18 ± 3.5821.66 ± 3.9420.25 ± 4.84Gender
P= .016
Tanner1.06 ± .241.02 ± .131.00 ± .001.13 ± .34NS
TEE (kcal/d)1783 ± 3771566 ± 3991799 ± 4801715 ± 428NS
REE (kcal/d)1307 ± 2501172 ± 1501257 ± 1781192 ± 192Gender
P= .006
AEE (kcal/d)307 ± 195238 ± 312355 ± 324346 ± 254NS
VO2max(L/min)1.46 ± .391.12 ± .261.21 ± .291.22 ± .24Gender
(n= 16)(n = 49)(n = 15)(n = 16)P = .014
Rate of increasing adiposity (kg FM/kg LTM).18 ± .39.45 ± .57.36 ± .52.29 ± .40NS
  • NS indicates not significant.

    NS — P > .05

  • * These are absolute values and have not been adjusted for any of the other variables. A 2-way ANOVA was performed to determine whether any of the above variables differed with gender and ethnicity.