Table 4.

Six-Year Cumulative Incidence of Childhood Obesity Stratified by Demographic and Socioeconomic Variables

Low HOME-Cognitive Score (%)Medium HOME-Cognitive Score (%)High HOME-Cognitive Score (%)
Race
 Black13 (n = 227)12 (n = 575)4 (n = 59)*,**,4-165
 White/Hispanic8 (n = 236)8 (n = 1308)4 (n = 273)*,**,4-165
Marital status
 Single mother10 (n = 251)10 (n = 620)2 (n = 56)*,**,4-165
 Married9 (n = 200)8 (n = 1271)4 (n = 284)*,**,4-165
Maternal education
 Less than high school9 (n = 204)10 (n = 460)3 (n = 67)**,4-165
 High school only10 (n = 161)8 (n = 904)4 (n = 140)*,**,4-165
 More than high school8 (n = 74)8 (n = 522)4 (n = 147)
Occupation
 Parent(s) not employed14 (n = 106)13 (n = 153)0 (n = 5)
 At least one parent employed (nonprofessional)9 (n = 297)9 (n = 1267)4 (n = 201)*,**,4-165
 At least one parent employed (professional/managerial)6 (n = 52)7 (n = 470)3 (n = 131)
Family income
 Low8 (n = 193)12 (n = 406)2 (n = 52)**,4-165
 Middle11 (n = 201)8 (n = 1255)4 (n = 233)**,4-165
 High0 (n = 21)5 (n = 154)2 (n = 44)
  • There were no significant differences in incidence of obesity between low and medium HOME-cognitive scores among any of the groups analyzed. Differences in number of children in each subgroup reflect different response rates.

  • * P < .05 High score vs low score;

  • ** P < .05 High score vs medium score;

  • F4-165 P < .05 High score vs (low or medium score).