Table 9.

Risk Analysis of Diagnostic Strategies—Anticipated Costs and Outcomes for a Cohort of 100 000 Patients Treated Using Each Strategy

StrategyCost (in millions)Untreated UTIImaging Work-upsHypertensionESRDDeaths
Treat all$19.70049.523.71.7
Culture transurethral catheterization or suprapubic bladder tap$25.30500042.420.30.7
Culture bag urine$72.5033 50042.420.31.0
LE or nitrite$33.758013 05043.120.62.1
UA, culture positives$24.30500042.420.32.1
Observe$19.05000049.523.710.0