Table 3.

Pediatricians' Attitudes and Beliefs and Relationship With Smoking Counseling Performance

Pediatrician CharacteristicsPatient Group
Children/Adolescents
Who Do Not Smoke
Children/Adolescents Who Do SmokeParents
(%)P ValueMean (SD)P ValueMean (SD)P Value
Role perception.001.0001.0001
 Moderate or lessAll26.33.85a 2.30a
Most36.8(1.59)(1.43)
None/some36.8
 ConsiderableAll37.34.57a 3.62b
Most33.9(1.55)(1.75)
None/some28.8
 GreatAll63.95.35b 4.52c
Most22.3(2.06)(2.34)
None/some13.9
Effectiveness perception.001.001.0001
 A little or lessAll36.74.26a 2.67a
Most28.3(1.65)(1.71)
None/some35.0
 ModerateAll53.75.19b 3.73b
Most27.4(2.02)(1.75)
None/some19.0
 Quite or higherAll72.05.32b 4.41b
Most22.0(1.69)(2.42)
None/some6.0
Perceived self-efficacy.04.0001.0001
 Not at allAll30.03.74a 2.30a
Most30.0(1.60)(1.43)
None/some40.0
 Not veryAll42.64.17a 3.62b
Most27.9(1.45)(1.75)
None/some29.5
 SomewhatAll54.94.89b 4.52c
Most28.4(1.78)(2.34)
None/some16.7
 Quite or veryAll73.56.51c 5.20c
Most17.7(2.03)(1.84)
None/some8.8
Professional norms.001.005.0001
 Not or a littleAll31.44.16a 2.51a
Most27.5(1.85)(1.82)
None/some41.2
 ModeratelyAll56.34.99b 3.86b
Most29.9(1.85)(1.89)
None/some13.8
 Quite or greatlyAll69.15.25b 4.23b
Most23.6(1.78)(1.76)
None/some7.3
  • Means with different superscripts differ significantly on Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference follow-up contrasts. Those with no superscripts do not differ significantly from any other means.