Table 2.

Prevalence of UTI in Girls < 2 Years and Boys < 1 Year With Fever


N
Percent
Prevalence (95% CI)

P Value
Overall24113.3 (2.6–4.0)
Demographics
Sex
 Girls14694.3 (3.3–5.3)<.001
 Boys9421.8 (1.0–2.6)
Race
 White29110.7 (7.1–14.3)
 African-American20142.1 (1.5–2.7)<.001
 Other1065.7 (1.3–10.1)
Sex/race
 Girls
  White17416.1 (10.6–21.6)<.001
  Nonwhite12952.7 (1.9–3.7)
 Boys
  White1172.6 (0.5–7.3).52
  Nonwhite8251.7 (0.9–2.8)
Age/sex
 Boys
  <6 Mo3912.7 (1.2–4.7).14
  ≥6 Mo5511.3 (0.5–2.6)
 Girls
  <12 Mo8136.0 (4.5–7.9)<.001
  ≥12 Mo6562.1 (1.2–3.6)
Clinical parameters
Potential source of
 fever
 Yes18582.7 (2.0–3.4)<.001
 No4745.9 (3.8–8.0)
General appearance
 Well16502.4 (1.7–3.1)<.001
 Ill6815.7 (4.0–7.4)
Circumcision
 Yes4971.2 (0.2–2.2)<.002
 No758.0 (1.9–14.1)
Fever
 ≥39°C16233.9 (3.0–4.8)<.003
 <39°C7882.2 (1.2–3.2)
Any tenderness on
 examination
 Yes3013.2 (3.7–30.7)<.02
 No20913.2 (2.4–4.0)
Medical history of
 UTI
 Yes549.3 (3.0–20.3)<.03
 No20493.2 (2.4–4.0)
Any urine
 symptoms
 Yes588.6 (2.8–19.0)<.04
 No20603.2 (2.4–4.0)