Table 2.

Child/Driver Death Ratios by Child Restraint Use—All Crashes

ControlsUnrestrainedRisk of
Dual
Relative to
Control
RestrainedRisk of
Dual
Relative to
Controls
 Dual bags2.300.82
 Driver-only
 airbags
1.092.11* 0.671.22
 Manual belts
 only
0.942.45** 0.791.04
  • * P < .05;

  • ** P < .01.

    Note: The unrestrained category includes those children known to be unrestrained or restrained improperly. Data obtained from the Fatal Accident Reporting System, NHTSA. Includes only those fatal crashes where both a driver and child passenger were located in the front seat.