Table 1.

Estimates of the Impact of the Passenger Airbag on Childhood Mortality (Age 0–12); Fatal Accident Reporting System 1990–1997 Model Year Vehicles, 1989–1996 Calendar Years

ControlsChild
Deaths
Driver
Deaths
RatioRisk of Dual
Relative to
Controls
Crashes of all directions
 Dual bags102771.32
 Driver-only airbags1511860.811.63*
 Manual belts only2993430.871.52*
Frontal crashes only
 Dual bags71421.69
 Driver-only airbags951030.921.84*
 Manual belts only2032110.961.76**
  • * P < .05;

  • ** P < .01.

    Note: The unrestrained category includes those children known to be unrestrained or restrained improperly. Data obtained from the Fatal Accident Reporting System, NHTSA. Includes only those fatal crashes where both a driver and child passenger were located in the front seat.