Table 4.

Risk Factors for Lead Exposure and Prevention Strategies

Risk FactorPrevention Strategy
Environmental
 PaintIdentify and abate
 DustWet mop, frequent handwashing
 SoilRestrict play in area, ground cover, frequent handwashing
 Drinking water2-minute flush of morning water; use of cold water for cooking, drinking
 Folk remediesAvoid use
 Old ceramic or pewter cookware,  old urns/kettlesAvoid use
 Some imported cosmetics, toys,  crayonsAvoid use
 Parental occupationsRemove work clothing at work
 HobbiesProper use, storage, and ventilation
 Home renovationProper containment, ventilation
 Buying or renting a new homeInquire about lead hazards
Host
 Hand-to-mouth activity (or pica)Frequent handwashing
 Inadequate nutritionHigh iron and calcium, low-fat diet; frequent small meals
 Developmental disabilitiesFrequent screening