Table 3.

Mean Behavioral Scores* (SD) for Study Groups by Study Period [P value of Group Mean Compared With Group 4 Control]

Study PeriodGroup 1 Restraint ChairGroup 2 Buffered LidocaineGroup 3 SucroseGroup 4 ControlAll groups (P Value for Period)
Preinjection.23 (.51) [NS].10  (.26) [NS].05  (.16) [NS].12 (.25).125 (.32) [NS]
Injection1.74 (1.15) [NS]1.40 (.82) [NS]1.37 (.93) [NS]1.65 (1.06)1.54 (.99) [NS]
2-Minute postinjection.53 (.80) [NS].34 (.42) [NS].16 (.65) [.003].66 (.35).42 (.60) [.04]
4-Minute postinjection.33 (.73) [NS].20 (.62) [NS].03 (.61) [NS].23 (.11).20 (.57) [NS]
Circumcision.49 (.52) [.007]1.22 (.78) [NS].45 (.80) [.002]1.12 (.48).83 (.74) [<.001]
  • * Behavioral scoring assignments: neutral = 0, minimal fuss = 1, fussy cry = 2, sustained cry = 3.