Table 1.

Study Group Designations

Study Group NumberRestraint TypeDPNB SolutionPacifier Solution
1New padded chair0.8 mL LidocaineWater
0.2 mL Saline
2Rigid plastic0.8 mL LidocaineWater
0.2 mL Sodium  bicarbonate
3Rigid plastic0.8 mL Lidocaine24% Sucrose
0.2 mL Saline
4Rigid plastic0.8 mL LidocaineWater
0.2 mL Saline