TABLE 5

Occurrence Rates for Secondary Outcomes in the nCPAP Compared With the HHHFNC Study Group

nCPAP (n = 220)HHHFNC (n = 212)
Any adverse event46 (21)52 (25)
Air leak5 (2)1 (<1)
Increased apnea15 (7)23 (11)
Confirmed sepsis7 (3)7 (3)
Confirmed NEC4 (2)2 (1)
Reintubation, any25 (11)32 (15)
 <72 hours18 (8)23 (11)
 <7 days21 (10)23 (11)
No nasal trauma180 (84)187 (91)*
Abdominal distention17 (8)21 (10)
Days to full oral feedings, median (25%–75%)17 (8–35)18 (8–41)
Death4 (2)1 (<1)
  • Data are shown as n (%) unless otherwise indicated. *P = .047. NEC, necrotizing enterocolitis.