TABLE 6

Comparison of Prerandomization Variables Between Study Infants Successfully Managed With Those With Early Support Mode Failure (Intubation)

Treatment Success (n = 391)Treatment Failure (n = 41)
Gestational age, mean ± SD, wk33.3 ± 3.433.8 ± 3.1
Birth weight, mean ± SD, g2148 ± 8152227 ± 662
Antenatal steroids, n (%)142 (36)9 (22)
Prestudy surfactant, n (%)244 (62)27 (66)
RDS, n (%)283 (72)35 (85)
Study start age, median (25%–75%), h21 (8–60)27 (8–76)
Prestudy support mode, n (%)
 Ventilator265 (68)26 (63)
 nCPAP74 (19)11 (27)
 Other52 (13)4 (10)
Prestudy PAW, mean ± SD, cm H2O7.9 ± 2.17.7 ± 2.1
Prestudy FiO2, mean ± SD0.26 ± 0.100.27 ± 0.07
  • P > .05 for all comparisons. PAW, mean airway pressure; RDS, respiratory distress syndrome.