TABLE 3

Early Respiratory Failure in Infants Managed With nCPAP and in Those Managed With HHHFNC

nCPAP (n = 220)HHHFNC (n = 212)OR (95% CI)a
Early failure, all18 (8.2)23 (10.8)1.37 (0.71–2.61)
<32 weeks’ gestational age5/75 (6.7)3/75 (4.0)0.58 (0.13–2.53)
Prestudy ventilator9/145 (6.2)17/146 (11.6)1.89 (0.86–4.63)
Start age <7 d16/201 (8.0)23/194 (11.9)1.56 (0.80–3.04)
  • Data are shown as n (%). Data in rows 3–5 are also shown as number of failures/number of infants (%). CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.

  • a Unadjusted.