TABLE 2

Drug Exposure: Comparison of History and Toxicology (Cases)

DrugHistoryMaternal UrineInfant UrineMeconiumCombined
(n = 100)(n = 84)(n = 70)(n = 74)(n = 100)
Methadone, %100926196100
Other opiates, %5456368174
BDZ, %5158335366
Amphetamine, %2101413
Cannabis, %193996562
Cocaine, %5531514
  • Data are the percentage of positive results for each technique. The combined column combines the history and toxicology results to give a pattern of overall drug exposure for each infant. BDZ, benzodiazepine.