TABLE 2

Standardized Parameter Estimates for the Mediation Model

GirlsBoys
Parameter EstimateSEParameter EstimateSE
Intercept on
 T1 alcohol use0.759***0.0460.821***0.038
 T2 alcohol use0.590***0.0600.643***0.047
 T3 alcohol use0.466***0.0560.506***0.030
Slope on
 T1 alcohol use0.0000.0000.0000.000
 T2 alcohol use0.404***0.0360.349***0.057
 T3 alcohol use0.640***0.0560.549***0.101
T4 alcohol-related problems on
 T4 problems 10.707***0.0290.720***0.035
 T4 problems 20.692***0.0390.721***0.056
 T4 problems 30.705***0.0380.736***0.048
 T4 problems 40.734***0.0500.780***0.037
Intercept on T1 predictors
 Popular shows–0.0520.034–0.0270.031
 Liking of ads0.267***0.0470.171***0.028
 Shows x Liking0.091*0.0420.093*0.046
 T1 problems0.297*0.1230.264**0.084
 Age0.0300.0310.0400.030
 Peer drinking0.426***0.0600.539***0.052
 Playing sports0.0060.043–0.0090.024
 Adult drinking0.155***0.0360.138**0.053
 General TV viewing0.0120.0340.0120.037
 Language acculturation0.0500.042–0.098*0.040
 Parents’ jobs0.0000.0410.112*0.046
 Parents’ education–0.0410.045–0.0020.030
Slope on T1 predictors
 Popular shows0.190**0.0580.1130.063
 Liking of ads–0.0210.0780.129*0.060
 Shows x Liking–0.0830.068–0.1120.081
 T1 problems–0.1250.1350.0760.156
 Age0.0310.039–0.0750.068
 Peer drinking0.0570.075–0.483***0.128
 Playing sports–0.1370.073–0.0150.074
 Adult drinking–0.0290.067–0.1030.119
 General TV viewing–0.0210.064–0.0590.062
 Language acculturation0.0290.0730.227*0.097
 Parents’ jobs0.1300.075–0.1350.109
 Parents’ education–0.0850.0640.0090.090
T4 alcohol-related problems on
 Intercept0.393*0.1660.1770.303
 Slope0.478***0.1060.1790.214
 Popular shows–0.0540.065–0.0070.058
 Liking of ads–0.1020.064–0.0950.062
 Shows x Liking0.0400.0720.1670.094
 T1 problems0.0500.0700.0140.090
 Age0.0360.049–0.0040.034
 Peer drinking–0.0220.0850.2340.214
 Playing sports0.0500.0590.0270.044
 Adult drinking–0.0270.0410.0210.074
 General TV viewing0.0220.062–0.0210.063
 Language acculturation0.0130.063–0.0480.086
 Parents’ jobs–0.0030.1030.0610.092
 Parents’ education0.0060.064–0.0180.100
Intercepts for latent factors
 Problems with alcohol at T40.0000.0000.2320.184
 Growth curve intercept0.526***0.0320.496***0.032
 Growth curve slope0.495***0.0590.441***0.104
Residual variances
 T4 problems 10.500***0.0410.482***0.050
 T4 problems 20.522***0.0540.481***0.080
 T4 problems 30.502***0.0540.458***0.071
 T4 problems 40.462***0.0740.392***0.058
 T1 alcohol use.0.424***0.0700.326***0.063
 T2 alcohol use0.513***0.0490.631***0.046
 T3 alcohol use0.404***0.0750.648***0.067
 Intercept0.386***0.096.0.253**0.077
 Slope0.921***0.0550.686***0.087
 T4 alcohol-related problems0.661***0.0610.849***0.054
Effects from Shows to Problems
 Total0.0170.0510.0080.046
 Total indirect0.0700.0420.0150.028
 Indirect Shows – I – Problems–0.0210.018–0.0050.009
 Indirect Shows – S – Problems0.091*0.0400.020.028
 Direct Shows – Problems–0.0540.065–0.0070.058
Effects from Liking to Problems
 Total–0.0070.063–0.0420.041
 Total indirect0.0950.0570.0530.058
 Indirect Liking – I – Problems0.105*0.0480.0300.052
 Indirect Liking – S – Problems–0.0100.0380.0230.030
 Direct Liking – Problems–0.1020.064–0.0950.062
Effects from Interaction SxL to Problems
 Total0.0360.0660.164*0.069
 Total indirect–0.0040.040–0.0040.045
 Indirect from SxL – I – Problems0.0360.0260.0160.032
 Indirect from SxL – S – Problems–0.0390.031–0.0200.029
 Direct from SxL – Problems0.0400.0720.1670.094
  • I, intercept factor for growth curve; na, not available, slope variance fixed at 0; S, slope factor for growth curve; SxL, interaction term for popular shows and liking of alcohol ads; T1, time 1; T2, time 2; T3, time 3.

  • * P < .05.

  • ** P < .01.

  • *** < .001.