TABLE 4

Multivariable Associations (ORs) Between Use of Any CAM, Special Diets, or Other CAM

FactorExposureAny CAMa (n = 896)Special Dietsa,b (n = 548)Other CAMa,b (n = 643)
A Versus B
ASD     Asperger’s     Autism0.62 (0.46–0.84)0.44 (0.28–0.69)0.72 (0.52–1.00)
     PDD-NOS     Autism0.66 (0.54–0.82)0.65 (0.49–0.85)0.67 (0.53–0.84)
Parent-reported GI problems     Yes     No1.88 (1.57–2.25)2.38 (1.86–3.05)1.82 (1.50–2.22)
CBCL total score     Yes     No1.29 (1.06–1.56)1.34 (1.04–1.72)NSc
Parent-reported history of seizures     Yes     No1.58 (1.27–1.96)1.97 (1.50–2.59)1.66 (1.30–2.10)
Reported psychotropic medication usage     Yes     NoNSc0.69 (0.52–0.91)NSc
  • a ORs (95% confidence intervals) from stage 3 model, comparing the outcome with no CAM usage.

  • b Compared with the no CAM usage group.

  • c Non significant differences.