TABLE 2

Sleep Questionnaire Options

QuestionnaireDescriptionFormatRespondent
CSHQ (Owens et al, 2000)36Assesses sleep behaviors across a range of behavioral and medical dimensions in children aged 4 to 10 yForty-five items that roll into 8 subscales: bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep duration, sleep anxiety, night wakings, parasomnias, sleep-disordered breathing, and daytime sleepinessParent
Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire in Toddlers and Preschool Children (Goodlin-Jones et al, 2008)23Assesses the CSHQ (see above) in children aged 2 to 5.5 y with autism, developmental delay without autism, and typically developing childrenSame as the CSHQ (above)Parent
Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children37Characterizes sleep disorders over the past 6 mo in children aged 5 to 15 yTwenty-six items that role into 6 subscales: sleep initiation and maintenance, daytime sleepiness, sleep arousal, and sleep-disordered breathingParent
Family Inventory of Sleep Habits38Autism specific questionnaire assessing sleep hygiene in children aged 3 to 10 yTwelve items, including daytime and prebedtime habits, bedtime routine, and sleep environmentParent
Behavioral Evaluation of Disorders of Sleep Scale39Assesses sleep behaviors in children aged 5 to 12 yFive types of sleep problems: expressive sleep disturbances; sensitivity to the environment; disoriented awakening; sleep facilitators; and apnea/bruxismParent
BEARS17Assesses 5 sleep domains in children aged 5 to 18 yFive sleep domains: bedtime problems (difficulty going to bed and falling asleep); excessive daytime sleepiness (includes behaviors typically associated with daytime somnolence in children); awakenings during the night; regularity of sleep/wake cycles (bedtime, wake time) and average sleep duration; and snoringParent
Adolescent Sleep Wake Scale40Assesses sleep quality in adolescents aged 11 to 21 yTwenty-eight items role into 5 subscales: going to bed, falling asleep, awakening, reinitiating sleep, and wakefulnessAdolescent
  • BEARS, B = Bedtime problems, E = Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, A = Awakenings During the Night, R = Regularity and Duration of Sleep, S = Snoring.