TABLE 3

Neonatal Outcomes for Infants Delivered by CD

UCM, N = 75DCC, N = 79
Birth Hb, g/dL*16.3 ± 2.415.6 ± 2.2
Polycythemia (hematocrit >65%)24
Urine output first 24 h, mL/kg per h*4.42 ± 1.33.99 ± 1.2
Need for transfusion3141
Peak bilirubin, mg/dL8.1 ± 2.97.3 ± 2.2
Necrotizing enterocolitis10
Retinopathy necessitating surgery12
Spontaneous intestinal perforation32
Oxygen at 36 wk corrected1612
Any IVH510
Severe IVH (≥grade 3)a33
Sepsis (culture positive)53
Death26
  • Data are presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise stated. * P < .05.

  • a One infant had early-onset sepsis (blood culture positive at birth); otherwise, all sepsis was late onset.