TABLE 2

ORs and 95% CIs for Allergic Diseases in Relation to Food and Dietary Habits

Dietary HabitNo. of ResponsesCrude OR (95% CI)
Eczema, n = 368Asthma, n = 66ARC, n = 130Total Allergy,dn = 432
Fermented fooda840.61 (0.37–1.01)0.90 (0.35–2.31)0.52 (0.22–1.21)0.53 (0.32–0.87)
Food from farmb1380.78 (0.53–1.15)0.88 (0.41–1.90)0.55 (0.29–1.05)0.67 (0.46–0.98)
Hand dishwashing1260.49 (0.32–0.77)0.21 (0.05–0.85)0.78 (0.42–1.42)0.51 (0.34–0.77)
Home cookingc
 Never/almost never721111
 Approximately half the time5330.88 (0.53–1.47)1.67 (0.50–5.55)0.70 (0.36–1.34)0.77 (0.47–1.26)
 Most of the time/always4140.84 (0.51–1.40)1.60 (0.47–5.44)0.55 (0.28–1.09)0.72 (0.44–1.19)
Breastfeeding duration, mo
 0–41451111
 >4–83730.92 (0.62–1.36)0.70 (0.34–1.41)0.86 (0.49–1.51)0.87 (0.59–1.28)
 ≥84300.94 (0.64–1.39)0.65 (0.33–1.31)0.99 (0.58–1.72)0.90 (0.61–1.31)
  • a Question: “Does the child eat food that includes fermented vegetables (such as sauerkraut or fermented cucumber) or other fermented foodstuffs?” Responses: never/almost never; at least once a month.

  • b Question: “Do you sometimes buy hens’ eggs, meat, or unpasteurized milk directly from a farm?” Responses: yes; no.

  • c Question: “During the child’s first year of life, how often was he/she given home-cooked food?” Responses: never/almost never; approximately half the time; most of the time/always.

  • d Any of eczema, asthma, or ARC.