TABLE 3

Neurocognitive and Balance Assessments

ED3 Days10 Days
Usual (n = 49)Strict (n = 48)Usual (n = 45)Strict (n = 48)Usual (n = 43)Strict (n = 45)
ImPACT scores (percentile)
 Verbal Memory30.5 (21.8–39.2)30.1 (21.7–38.6)25.6 (17.3–33.8)35.6 (27.0–44.2)34.0 (25.6–42.5)34.3 (25.1–43.4)
 Visual Memory26.1 (18.6–33.6)28.3 (20.4–36.2)36.4 (26.9–45.8)32.1 (24.2–40.0)42.6 (32.4–52.8)33.5 (24.9–42.0)
 Processing Speed29.5 (21.1–37.8)27.6 (19.6–36.0)37.1 (28.2–46.0)39.5 (30.4–48.5)47.5 (37.7–57.4)41.3 (32.2–50.4)
 Reaction Time24.2 (16.2–32.1)17.4 (10.3–24.5)32.9 (24.2–41.7)39.2 (29.9–48.5)39.1 (29.5–48.6)43.0 (33.0–53.0)
 Impulse Control14.8 (10.5–19.1)17.4 (12.2–22.6)9.8 (8.0–11.6)10.8 (6.9–14.6)12.2 (9.8–14.5)11.8 (8.9–14.6)
BESS Total Error score
 BESS Firm total8.4 (6.6–10.2)10.8 (8.2–13.4)7.6 (6.0–9.3)7.9 (6.5–9.2)6.1 (4.6–7.5)6.8 (5.4–8.2)
 BESS Foam total14.7 (12.5–17.0)15.7 (14.0–17.4)12.9 (10.9–14.9)14.2 (12.6–15.8)
 BESS total22.4 (18.8–25.9)23.6 (21.0–26.1)19 (15.9–22.1)21 (18.4–23.6)
Ancillary neuropsychological tests
 HVLT Total Recall24.0 (22.6–25.5)24.8 (23.2–26.4)24.2(23.6–26.3)25.8 (24.4–27.1)
 HVLT Delayed Recall8.4 (7.6–9.1)8.9 (8.3–9.5)8.0 (7.3–8.7)8.3 (7.6–8.9)
 TMT A time39.8 (34.6–45.1)38.1 (34.5–41.6)30.4 (27.7–33.1)30.8 (27.7–33.9)
 TMT B time82.7 (72.0–93.3)77.0 (70.8–83.3)66.9 (59.6–74.3)63.2 (57.7–68.7)
 SDMT Total Correct59.9 (54.8–64.9)a67.6 (63.6–71.6)a71.5 (66.4–76.7)a67.6 (63.6–71.6)a
 LNS Total Score18.5 (17.5–19.4)19.0 (18.1–19.9)19.7 (18.7–20.4)20.0 (19.2–20.7)
 COWAT Total Correct30.5 (27.8–33.2)31.2 (28.9–33.6)33.4 (30.4–36.5)35.1 (32.3–37.9)
  • Data are mean (95% confidence intervals); percentile score means “percentile score” were specified, all other data are raw scores. COWAT, Controlled Oral Word Association Test; HVLT, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test; LNS, Letter-Number Sequencing; SDMT, Symbol Digit Modalities Test; TMT, Trail Making Test Parts; —, test was not done in the ED.

  • a P < .05.