TABLE 1

Major Drugs of Abusea

OpioidsCNS StimulantsCNS DepressantsHallucinogens
AgonistsAmphetaminesAlcoholIndolealkylamines (LSD, psilocin, psilocybin, DMT, DET)
 MorphineDextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)BarbituratesPhenylethylamines (mescaline, peyote)
 CodeineMethamphetamineBenzodiazepinesPhenylisopropylamines (MDA, MMDA, MDMA, MDEA)
 MethadoneAmphetamine sulfateOther sedative-hypnoticsInhalants
 Meperidine (Demerol)Amphetamine congenersMethaqualone (Quaalude)Solvents and aerosols (glues, gasoline, paint thinner, cleaning solutions, nail polish remover, Freon)
 Oxycodone (Percodan, OxyIR, Percolone, Roxicodone, Percocet, OxyContin)Benzphetamine (Didrex)Glutethimide (Doriden)Nitrites
 Propoxyphene (Darvon)Diethylpropion (Tenuate)Chloral hydrateNitrous oxide
 Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)FenfluramineCannabinoids
 Hydrocodone (Lortab, Vicodin)Phendimetrazine (Adipost, Bontril, Prelu-2)Marijuana
 Fentanyl (Sublimaze)Phentermine (Adipex-P, Zantryl)Hashish
 Tramadol (Ultram, Ultracet)Cocaine
 HeroinMethylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)
AntagonistsPemoline (Cylert)
 Naloxone (Narcan)Phenylpropanolamine
 Naltrexone (ReVia)Phencyclidines
Mixed Agonist-AntagonistsNicotine
 Pentazocine (Talwin)
 Buprenorphine (Buprenex)
  • DET, diethyltryptamine; DMT, dimethyltryptamine; LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide; MDA, methylenedioxyamphetamine; MDEA, 3,4-methylenedioxyethamphetamine; MDMA, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy); and MMDA, 3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine.

  • a Adapted from Milhorn.160