TABLE 4

CBCL and SSRS Scores Across the 3 Groups

Mild TBI, Mean (SD)Moderate/Severe TBI, Mean (SD)Control, Mean (SD)Effect size (d) Mild versus M/S, Control versus Mild, Control versus M/S
CBCL clinical scalesn = 19n = 15n = 18
 Emotionally reactive54.00 (7.17)52.67 (6.09)51.00 (2.84)0.20, 0.55, 0.35
 Anxious/depressed52.78 (5.79)53.00 (4.26)52.05 (3.84)0.04, 0.14, 0.23
 Somatic complaints54.10 (6.37)53.67 (5.68)52.61 (6.07)0.07, 0.24, 0.18
 Withdrawn53.57 (4.77)53.27 (5.68)51.11 (1.57)0.06, 0.69, 0.52
 Sleep problems52.57 (5.30)51.67 (2.19)52.83 (5.46)0.22, −0.04, −0.27
 Attention53.00 (5.82)51.53 (3.07)50.72 (1.27)0.32, 0.54, 0.35
 Aggressive behavior52.52 (5.26)53.53 (7.11)52.06 (4.07)0.16, 0.10, 0.25
CBCL summary scales
 Internalizing problems45.11 (13.17)47.60 (9.88)41.72 (10.12)0.21, 0.29, 0.59
 Externalizing problems43.74 (12.25)48.47 (10.26)42.50 (10.22)0.42, 0.11, 0.58
 Total problems43.26 (12.22)46.67 (8.68)40.11 (9.08)0.32, 0.29, 0.74
SSRS scalesn = 14n = 12n =17
 Cooperation12.69 (2.34)13.50 (4.40)13.76 (2.77)0.23, 0.42, 0.07
 Assertion15.61 (3.48)15.91 (3.62)16.52 (2.91)0.08, 0.28, 0.18
 Responsibility12.15 (3.57)12.50 (4.44)14.00 (3.04)0.08, 0.56, 0.39
 Self-control15.00 (3.91)14.91 (4.16)15.41 (2.45)0.02, 0.12, 0.15
 Standard score105.23 (16.05)106.50 (18.96)112.35 (13.78)0.07, 0.47, 0.35
  • M/S, moderate/severe group.