TABLE 3

Pediatric Drowning Hospitalizations by Circumstances, Age, and Gender (Rates per 100 000, 95% Confidence Interval)

1998–19992007–2008
Swimming/diving
 Male0.8 (0.6–0.9)0.6 (0.4–0.7)
  0–4 y0.8 (0.5–1.1)0.6 (0.3–0.8)
  5–9 y0.8 (0.6–1.1)0.7 (0.4–1.0)
  10–14 y0.8 (0.5–1.0)0.4 (0.2–0.6)*
  15–19 y0.7 (0.4–0.9)0.6 (0.4–0.8)
  Female0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.2 (0.2–0.3)
  0–4 y0.4 (0.2–0.5)0.4 (0.2–0.5)
  5–9 y0.4 (0.2–0.6)0.3 (0.1–0.4)
  10–14 y0.5 (0.2–0.7)0.3 (0.1–0.4)
  15–19 y0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.1 (0.0–0.2)
Bathtub
 Male0.4 (0.3–0.5)0.2 (0.2–0.3)
  0–4 y1.3 (0.9–1.8)0.9 (0.6–1.1)*
  5–9 ya0.1 (0.0–0.2)
  10–14 y0.1 (0.0–0.3)a
  15–19 yaa
 Female0.4 (0.3–0.5)0.3 (0.2–0.3)*
  0–4 y1.5 (1.1–2.0)0.8 (0.5–1.1)*
  5–9 yaa
  10–14 yaa
  15–19 yaa
Other Drowning (E910)
 Male3.0 (2.4–3.6)1.7 (1.3–2.1)*
  0–4 y8.1 (6.2–10.0)4.0 (2.9–5.0)*
  5–9 y2.1 (1.6–2.6)1.2 (0.9–1.6)*
  10–14 y1.2 (0.8–1.5)0.9 (0.5–1.2)
  15–19 y1.0 (0.7–1.20.6 (0.3–0.8)*
 Female1.8 (1.4–2.2)1.0 (0.8–1.3)*
  0–4 y5.1 (4.0–6.3)2.7 (2.0–3.5)*
  5–9 y1.2 (0.8–1.5)0.9 (0.6–1.3)
  10–14 y0.7 (0.5–1.0)0.3 (0.1–0.4)*
  15–19 y0.3 (0.2–0.5)0.1 (0.0–0.2)*
Other E-code (not E910)
 Male0.2 (0.1–0.3)0.1 (0.1–0.2)
  0–4 y0.5 (0.2–0.8)0.3 (0.1–0.5)
  5–9 y0.1 (0.0–0.2)a
  10–14 y0.2 (0.1–0.4)0.1 (0.0–0.1)
  15–19 y0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
 Female0.1 (0.1–0.2)0.1 (0.0–0.1)
  0–4 y0.3 (0.1–0.5)0.1 (0.0–0.2)*
  5–9 yaa
  10–14 yaa
  15–19 y0.1 (0.0–0.2)a
  • a Rates unstable (<0.1/100 000).

  • *P < .05.