TABLE 2

Pediatric Drowning Hospitalizations by Circumstances and Age (Rates per 100 000, 95% Confidence Interval)

1998–19992007–2008
Swimming/diving (E910.2-3)
 Overall0.5 (0.5–0.6)0.4 (0.3–0.5)*
 0–4 y0.6 (0.4–0.7)0.5 (0.3–0.6)
 5–9 y0.6 (0.5–0.8)0.4 (0.3–0.6)
 10–14 y0.6 (0.4–0.8)0.3 (0.2–0.4)*
 15–19 y0.4 (0.3–0.5)0.3 (0.2–0.4)
Bathtub (E910.4)
 Overall0.4 (0.3–0.5)0.3 (0.2–0.3)*
 0–4 y1.4 (1.1–1.8)0.8 (0.6–1.0)*
 5–9 yaa
 10–14 yaa
 15–19 yaa
Other Drowning (E910.0,1,8,9)
 Overall2.4 (1.9–2.9)1.4 (1.0–1.7)*
 0–4 y6.6 (5.2–8.1)3.6 (2.8–4.5)*
 5–9 y1.6 (1.2–2.0)1.3 (0.9–1.6)
 10–14 y0.9 (0.7–1.2)0.5 (0.3–0.7)*
 15–19 y0.6 (0.5–0.8)0.3 (0.2–0.4)*
Other E-code (not E910)
 Overall0.2 (0.1–0.2)0.1 (0.1–0.1)
 0–4 y0.4 (0.2–0.6)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
 5–9 yaa
 10–14 y0.1 (0.1–0.2)0.1 (0.0–0.1)
 15–19 y0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.1 (0.0–0.2)
Missing E-code
 Overall0.5 (0.3–0.6)0.2 (0.3–0.3)*
 0–4 y1.1 (0.8–1.4)1.0 (0.5–1.5)
 5–9 y0.3 (0.1–0.4)0.3 (0.1–0.5)
 10–14 y0.3 (0.1–0.4)0.1 (0.0–0.2)
 15–19 y0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.1 (0.0–0.1)*
  • a Rates unstable (<0.1/100 000).

  • *P < .05