TABLE 1

National Trends in the Incidence of Pediatric Drowning Hospitalization by Fatality, Gender, and Age (Rates per 100 000 and 95% Confidence Intervals)

1993–19941995–19971998–20002001–20032004–20062007–2008
Overall4.7 (4.0–5.4)3.9 (3.4–4.3)3.7 (3.2–4.1)2.9 (2.5–3.3)2.7 (2.3–3.1)2.4 (1.9–2.8)a
Fatality
 Nonfatal4.2 (3.6–4.9)3.4 (3.0–3.8)3.3 (2.9–3.7)2.6 (2.2–2.9)2.4 (2.0–2.7)2.1 (1.7–2.5)a
 Fatal0.5 (0.4–0.6)0.5 (0.4–0.6)0.4 (0.3–0.4)0.3 (0.2–0.3)0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.3 (0.2–0.4)a
Gender
 Male5.8 (4.9–6.7)5.0 (4.4–5.0)4.6 (4.0–5.2)3.6 (3.1–4.1)3.4 (2.9–3.9)2.9 (2.4–3.5)a
 Female3.6 (3.0–4.2)2.7 (2.3–3.1)2.7 (2.3–3.1)2.1 91.8–2.4)1.9 (1.6–2.2)1.8 (1.4–2.2)a
Age, y
 0–412.7 (10.6–14.8)10.2 (8.8–11.6)9.3 (7.8–10.7)7.2 (6.1–8.3)6.8 (5.7–7.9)5.6 (4.4–6.8)a
 5–92.4 (1.9–2.9)2.6 (2.2–3.0)2.5 (2.1–2.8)2.2 (1.7–2.6)2.1 (1.7–2.5)1.8 (1.4–2.3)a
 10–141.8 (1.4–2.1)1.4 (1.1–1.7)1.8 (1.6–2.1)1.2 (1.0–1.4)1.1 (0.8–1.3)1.1 (0.8–1.4)a
 15–191.3 (1.0–1.6)1.2 (1.0–1.4)1.4 (1.2–1.6)1.1 (0.9–1.3)0.8 (0.7–1.0)0.9 (0.7–1.2)a
  • a Statistically significant difference between 19931994 and 20072008, P < .05.