TABLE 9-3

Causes of Secondary Dyslipidemia

Exogenous
    Alcohol
    Drug therapy: corticosteroids
        Isoretinoin
        β-blockers
        Some oral contraceptives
        Select chemotherapeutic agents
        Select antiretroviral agents
Endocrine/metabolic
    Hypothyroidism/hypopituitarism
    T1DM and T2DM
    Pregnancy
    Polycystic ovary syndrome
    Lipodystrophy
    Acute intermittent porphyria
Renal
    Chronic renal disease
    Hemolytic uremic syndrome
    Nephrotic syndrome
Infectious
    Acute viral/bacterial infectiona
    HIV
    Hepatitis
Hepatic
    Obstructive liver disease/cholestatic conditions
    Biliary cirrhosis
    Alagille syndrome
Inflammatory disease
    Systemic lupus erythematosis
    Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Storage disease
    Glycogen-storage disease
    Gaucher disease
    Cystine-storage disease
    Juvenile Tay-Sachs disease
    Niemann-Pick disease
Other
    Kawasaki disease
    Anorexia nervosa
    Post–solid organ transplantation
    Childhood cancer survivor
    Progeria
    Idiopathic hypercalcemia
    Klinefelter syndrome
    Werner syndrome
  • a Delay measurement until ≥3 weeks after infection.