TABLE 9-1

Acceptable, Borderline-High, and High Plasma Lipid, Lipoprotein, and Apolipoprotein Concentrations for Children and Adolescents

CategoryLow, mg/dLaAcceptable, mg/dLBorderline-High, mg/dLHigh, mg/dLa
TC<170170–199≥200
LDL cholesterol<110110–129≥130
Non-HDL cholesterol<120120–144≥145
Apolipoprotein B<9090–109≥110
Triglycerides
    0–9 y<7575–99≥100
    10–19 y<9090–129≥130
HDL cholesterol<40>4540–45
Apolipoprotein A-1<115>120115–120
  • Values for plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels are from the NCEP Expert Panel on Cholesterol Levels in Children. Non-HDL cholesterol values from the Bogalusa Heart Study are equivalent to the NCEP Pediatric Panel cut points for LDL cholesterol. Values for plasma apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A-1 are from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. Note that values shown are in mg/dL; to convert to SI units, divide the results for TC, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and non-HDL cholesterol by 38.6; for triglycerides, divide by 88.6.

  • a Low cut points for HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-1 represent approximately the 10th percentile. The cut points for high and borderline-high represent approximately the 95th and 75th percentiles, respectively.