TABLE 2

Characteristics of 16 Infants Born in the Hudson Valley Region Who Were Treated at Maria Fareri Children's Hospital for Abusive Head Injuries Resulting From Shaking

Age, mean ± SD (range), mo5.2 ± 2.7 (2.0–10.2)
Gender, n (%)
    Male9 (56.3)
    Female7 (43.7)
Race, n (%)
    White4 (25.0)
    Black2 (12.5)
    Unspecified10 (62.5)
Presentation, n (%)
    Loss of consciousness8 (50.0)
    Vomiting8 (50.0)
    Lethargy7 (43.8)
    Apnea7 (43.8)
    Irritability6 (37.5)
    Limpness6 (37.5)
    Cyanosis4 (25.0)
    Cough3 (18.8)
    Seizure3 (18.8)
    Othera14 (87.5)
Injuries, n (%)
    Subdural hemorrhage14 (87.5)
    Retinal hemorrhage14 (87.5)
    Skull fracture5 (31.3)
    Rib fracture3 (18.8)
    Upper extremity fracture2 (12.5)
    Lower extremity fracture2 (12.5)
    Epidural hemorrhage1 (6.3)
Deaths, n (%)4 (25.0)
  • Infants were born during the 5-year historical control period (January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2004) or the 3-year intervention period (May 1, 2005, to April 30, 2008). The 4-month intervention phase-in period (January 1 through April 30, 2005) was excluded.

  • a Includes bruises (n = 2), shaking of extremities (n = 2), pallor (n = 2), cardiac arrest (n = 2), lacerated/bleeding lip, grunting, nasal flaring, weakness, increase in head circumference, labored breathing, oral thrush, tense anterior fontanelle, and subconjunctival hemorrhage.