TABLE 1

Information and Comforting Strategies According to Parent Reports

StrategyProportion, %1 mo vs Baseline6 mo vs Baseline
Baseline1 mo6 moOR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
All agesN = 345N = 296N = 188
    Received written information28.135.139.41.4 (1.0–2.1).0411.9 (1.3–2.9).002
    Used any strategies or techniques57.770.964.41.8 (1.3–2.6)<.0011.3 (0.9–2.0)NS
    Learned new techniques8.145.631.911.1 (6.9–17.9)<.0014.6 (2.7–7.7)<.001
InfantsN = 104N = 83N = 49
    Breastfeeding7.74.88.20.6 (0.2–2.4)NS1.1 (0.3–4.5)NS
    Pacifier15.47.218.40.5 (0.2–1.3)NS1.7 (0.6–4.7)NS
    Pacifier with sugar/Sweet-easea037.38.2
ToddlersN = 133N = 121N = 81
    Pinwheel (parent/provider)9.856.228.425.3 (11.0–58.3)<.0016.0 (2.3–15.4)<.001
    Other distractions (parent/provider)76.765.375.30.5 (0.4–0.9).031.1 (.54–2.1)NS
    ShotBlocker0.822.333.3128.0 (11.6–1413)<.001180 (12.9–2511)<.001
School-aged childrenN = 108N = 92N = 58
    Pinwheel (parent/provider)9.323.920.75.6 (2.1–15.0).0014.3 (1.2–15.2).021
    Other distractions (parent/provider)57.476.168.92.5 (1.3–5.1).0094.2 (1.5–11.1).004
    ShotBlocker1.954.343.1123.9 (22.7–677)<.00194.5 (15.2–586)<.001
  • Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for practice. CI indicates confidence interval; NS, not significant.

  • a Baseline use was 0%; therefore, odds ratios are undefined.