TABLE 2

National Estimates of Pediatric MDAEs According to Injury Diagnosis, Most Prevalent Device Category, and Age Group

Injury Diagnosis≤2 y3–5 y6–10 y11–15 y16–21 yTotal
No. of MDAEs, Estimate (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)No. of MDAEs, Estimate (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)No. of MDAEs, Estimate (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)No. of MDAEs, Estimate (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)No. of MDAEs, Estimate (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)No. of MDAEs, Estimate [95% CI] (%)Most Prevalent Device (%)
Contusions, abrasion1457 (8)Mechanical wheelchair (22)688 (6)Mechanical wheelchair (40)1888 (11)Mechanical wheelchair (25)7997 (28)Soft contact lenses (58)17 700 (25)Soft contact lenses (70)29 729 [22 104–39 146] (21)Soft contact lenses (57)
Foreign-body intrusion117 (1)Tympanostomy tube (28)172 (2)Tympanostomy tube (38)562 (3)Contact lenses (27)3050 (11)Menstrual tampon (53)13 953 (20)Menstrual tampon (50)17 855 [13 371–23 573] (12)Menstrual tampon (48)
Puncture416 (2)Hypodermic needle (58)929 (8)Hypodermic needle (77)1991 (12)Hypodermic needle (89)929 (3)Hypodermic needle (90)7350 (10)Hypodermic needle (77)11 615 [7960–16 742] (8)
Laceration2072 (12)Mechanical wheelchair (23)2065 (18)Eyeglass frame (44)2697 (16)Eyeglass frame (54)2522 (9)Orthodontic metal bracket (26)2212 (3)Orthodontic metal bracket (18)11 568 [8906–14 940] (8)Eyeglass frame (29)
Infection3063 (17)Tympanostomy tube (75)2374 (21)Tympanostomy tube (75)2068 (12)Tympanostomy tube (70)1214 (4)Nonabsorbable suture (35)2079 (3)Nonabsorbable suture (40)10 798 [4625–23 812] (7)Tympanostomy tube (54)
Dermatitis/ conjunctivitis166 (1)Bandage cast (31)29 (<1)Coronary stent (37)81 (<1)Soft lenses (29)1741 (6)Soft contact lenses (72)6573 (9)Soft contact lenses (75)8590 [6067–12 071] (6)Soft contact lenses (72)
Poisoning510 (3)Intravascular catheter (47)604 (5)Implanted catheter (40)687 (4)Infusion pump (31)421 (1)Implanted catheter (36)1509 (2)Insulin infusion pump (52)3731 [1805–7604] (3)Insulin infusion pump (30)
Pain339 (2)Tympanostomy tube (42)135 (1)Tympanostomy tube (35)618 (4)Hearing aid (19)742 (3)Cast bandage (35)2121 (3)Soft contact lenses (30)3956 [2431–6394] (3)Soft contact lenses (16)
Strain, sprain127 (1)Stationary radiographic system (100)11 (<1)Traction device (100)255 (2)Mechanical walker (61)566 (2)Crutch (32)2471 (4)Mechanical wheelchair (61)3430 [2248–5211] (2)Mechanical wheelchair (29)
Fracture447 (3)Hand splint (34)238 (2)Radiology table (51)472 (3)Eyeglass frame (25)1573 (5)Mechanical wheelchair (31)270 (<1)Cast bandage (31)2977 [2219–3987] (2)Mechanical wheelchair (26)
Dental injury60 (<1)Toothbrush (53)141 (1)Preformed crown (78)616 (4)Space maintainer (25)372 (1)Orthodontic wire (42)158 (<1)Orthodontic metal bracket (66)1346 [642–2808] (1)Orthodontic metal bracket (27)
Ingestion358 (2)Piston syringe (33)497 (4)Space maintainer (59)80 (<1)Preformed crown (27)250 (1)Screw expansion retainer (57)153 (<1)Screw expansion retainer (79)1338 [796–2243] (1)Space maintainer (23)
Internal injury348 (2)Portable liquid-oxygen unit (33)44 (<1)CNS shunt (53)100 (1)Mechanical wheelchair (50)107 (<1)Mechanical wheelchair (26)532 (1)Blood lancet (16)1130 [680–1876] (1)Portable liquid-oxygen unit (10)
Radiation0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)23 (<1)Infrared lamp (100)1012 (1)Ophthalmic eye shield (60)1035 [472–2262] (1)Ophthalmic eye shield (58)
Hemorrhage622 (4)Eyeglass frame (41)57 (<1)Gastrointestinal tube (19)49 (<1)Intravascular catheter (22)208 (1)Eyeglass frame (61)80 (<1)Soft contact lenses (38)1015 [503–2041] (1)Eyeglass frame (38)
Other6951 (40)Gastrointestinal tube (31)3312 (29)Tympanostomy tube (24)4232 (25)CNS shunt (21)6312 (22)Soft contact lenses (18)11 326 (16)Soft contact lenses (28)32 088 [22 310–44 593] (22)CNS shunt (15)
  • CNS indicates central nervous system.