TABLE 5

Difficulties With Deployment Experience, as Reported by Child and Parent/Caregiver (N = 1328)

VariableChild Difficulties During Parental DeploymentChild Difficulties During Parental Reintegration
Model 1 Caregiver Report β (SE)Model 2 Child Report β (SE)Model 3 Caregiver Report β (SE)Model 4 Child Report β (SE)
Military characteristics
Active component (vs. Guard/Reserve)−0.17 (0.14)0.17 (0.14)−0.20 (0.14)−0.02 (0.13)
E5-E6 (mid grade enlisted) (vs. E1-E4)−0.22 (0.28)−0.65 (0.26)a−0.07 (0.28)−0.33 (0.26)
E7-E9 (upper enlisted) (vs. E1-E4)−0.10 (0.29)−0.32 (0.27)0.14 (0.28)−0.11 (0.27)
Officer (vs. E1-E4)−0.03 (0.30)−0.50 (0.28)−0.00 (0.29)−0.02 (0.28)
Child and caregiver characteristics
Female gender (child)0.16 (0.12)0.35 (0.11)b0.37 (0.11)b0.54 (0.11)b
Child age (years)0.12 (0.04)b0.06 (0.04)0.08 (0.04)0.10 (0.04)b
Caregiver employed0.22 (0.13)0.00 (0.12)0.32 (0.12)b0.19 (0.12)
Living in military housing (vs. rent)−0.55 (0.21)b−0.16 (0.20)−0.16 (0.20)0.07 (0.19)
Owning home (vs. rent)−0.42 (0.19)−0.10 (0.18)−0.35 (0.18)−0.06 (0.17)
Caregiver mental health0.12 (0.02)b0.04 (0.02)b0.11 (0.02)b0.02 (0.02)
Child emotional difficulties (caregiver report)0.14 (0.01)b0.05 (0.01)b0.09 (0.01)b0.05 (0.01)b
Deployment experiences
Current deployment (vs. not)−0.17 (0.15)−0.02 (0.15)−0.21 (0.14)−0.12 (0.13)
Deployed twice (vs. once)0.06 (0.16)0.03 (0.16)−0.12 (0.16)0.06 (0.15)
Deployed three or more times (vs. once)−0.02 (0.19)0.07 (0.18)−0.08 (0.18)−0.05 (0.17)
Number of months parent deployed in last three years0.04 (0.01)b0.01 (0.01)0.04 (0.01)b0.02 (0.01)
  • a P < .05;

  • b P < .01.

  • Analyses restricted to those families experiencing at least one deployment in the last three years, and for which complete deployment history was provided. Analyses adjusted for child race; caregiver gender, age, and education; military service (e.g., Army, Navy); and acceptance to Operation Purple®Camp. Analyses adjusted for multiple comparison testing using a Bonferroni correction.