TABLE 1

Impact of Chronic Sleep Loss in Adolescents

Physical health and safety
 Increased obesity risk
 Metabolic dysfunction (hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus)
 Increased cardiovascular morbidity (hypertension, increased risk of stroke)
 Increased rates of motor vehicle crashes (“drowsy driving”)
 Higher rates of caffeine consumption; increased risk of toxicity/overdose
 Nonmedical use of stimulant medications; diversion
 Lower levels of physical activity
Mental health and behavior
 Increased risk for anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation
 Poor impulse control and self-regulation; increased risk-taking behaviors
 Emotional dysregulation; decreased positive affect
 Impaired interpretation of social/emotional cues in self and others
 Decreased motivation
 Increased vulnerability to stress
Academics and school performance
 Cognitive deficits, especially with more complex tasks
 Impairments in executive function (working memory, organization, time management, sustained effort)
 Impairments in attention and memory
 Deficits in abstract thinking, verbal creativity
 Decreased performance efficiency and output
 Lower academic achievement
 Poor school attendance
 Increased dropout rates