TABLE 3

Valid Screening Tools for Perinatal Depression

Screening ToolNo. ItemsSensitivity and Specificitya,bAvailable for Free
EPDS10Mothers (score >9–12)Yesc
Sensitivity 80%–90%
Specificity 80%–90%
Fathers (score >10)
Sensitivity 90%
Specificity 78%
PDSS35Sensitivity 80%–90%No
Specificity 80%–90%http://www.wpspublish.com/store/p/2902/postpartum-depression-screening- scale-pdss
PHQ-22Sensitivity 100%Yesc
Specificity 44.3%–65.7%
PHQ-99Sensitivity 75%–89%Yesc
Specificity 83%–91%
Beck Depression Inventory–II21Sensitivity 75%–90%No
Specificity 80%–90%http://www.pearsonclinical.com/psychology/products/100000159/beck-depression-inventoryii-bdi-ii.html