TABLE 1

Comparison of New and Existing Patients

New Patients, n (%)Existing Patients, n (%)Difference, %P
No. patients, n54131
Demographic characteristics
 Male27 (50.0)63 (48.1)1.9.816
 Race.341
  White37 (68.5)97 (74.0)−5.5
  African American5 (9.3)16 (12.2)−3.0
  Other or unknown12 (22.2)18 (13.7)8.5
 Age at discharge, y<.001
  <134 (63.0)11 (8.4)54.6
  1–415 (27.8)56 (42.7)−15.0
  ≥55 (9.3)64 (48.9)−39.6
 English language47 (87.0)117 (89.3)−2.3.661
 Interpreter needed5 (9.3)13 (9.9)−0.7.891
 Patient residence in Twin Cities metropolitan counties36 (66.7)77 (58.8)7.9.322
 Private insurance27 (50.0)53 (40.5)9.5.238
Clinical characteristics
 Chromosomal abnormality and/or syndrome16 (29.6)43 (32.8)−3.2.675
 Primary diagnosis for inpatient admission.006
  Brain injury and/or central nervous system disorder8 (14.8)55 (42.0)−27.2
  Lung or airway obstruction disorder23 (42.6)26 (19.8)22.7
  Neuromuscular disorder4 (7.4)10 (7.6)−0.2
  Cardiac4 (7.4)7 (5.3)2.1
  Gastrointestinal3 (5.6)8 (6.1)−0.6
  Other12 (22.2)25 (19.1)3.1
Discharge characteristics
 Discharged to home with family52 (96.3)123 (93.9)2.4.516
 Patients with DD37 (68.5)12 (9.2)59.4<.001
 Causes of DD.019
  Patients waiting for home care nurses25 (46.3)3 (2.3)44.0
  Patient or family4 (7.4)3 (2.3)5.1
  Social situation2 (3.7)4 (3.1)0.7
  Other6 (11.1)2 (1.5)9.6
 Average hospital LOS, d124.911.5113.4<.001
  LOS before DD, d98.410.388.0<.001
  LOS after medically ready for discharge, d26.51.125.4<.001
 DD d, total of all patients1432150
  Due to waiting for home care nurses1347 (94.1)107 (71.3)22.7<.001
 90-d same-hospital readmission rate29 (53.7)59 (45.0)8.7.288
  • —, not applicable.