TABLE 1

Participant-Reported Descriptive Characteristics

CharacteristicsNo. ResponsesFinding, No. (%) or Mean ± SD
Anthropometrics
 Female sex281161 (57)
 Age, y31627 ± 19
 Pediatric316131 (42)
 Height SDS2720.37 ± 1.1
 BMI (adult)16824 ± 3
 BMI SDS (pediatric)1060.44 (0.96)
Diabetes-related data
 Age at diagnosis, y31616 ± 14
 Years with T1DM31611 ± 13
Diagnostic category
 Diagnostic evidence of T1DM31685 (27)
 Strong evidence of T1DM316153 (48)
 Suggestive evidence of T1DM31635 (11)
 T1DM unascertained31643 (14)
 HbA1c at diagnosis17311.20% ± 2.72%
Diet
 Years on VLCDa3132.2 ± 2.9
 Use of a specific carbohydrate intake goal313223 (71)
 Carbohydrate intake goal, g22336 ± 15
 Goal achieved, d per wk2166.4 ± 1.0
Sociodemographic
 Country284
  United States, Canada193 (68)
  Europe, United Kingdom40 (14)
  Australia36 (13)
  Otherb15 (5)
 Race and/or ethnicity284
  White, non-Hispanic250 (88)
  Hispanic or Latino8 (3)
  Black0 (0)
  Asian2 (1)
  Other24 (8.5)
 Education283
  Primary or less1 (0.4)
  Secondary13 (5)
  Upper, postsecondary31 (11)
  Tertiary238 (84)
 Income284
  Lower22 (8)
  Middle200 (70)
  Upper62 (22)
 Diabetes care provider subspecialty288
  Endocrinology234 (81)
  Pediatrics, family medicine38 (13)
  Other16 (6)
  • a The median was 1.7 y; the range was 0.2–31.7 y.

  • b New Zealand, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Israel, India, and Aruba.