TABLE 1

Nutrients That Particularly Affect Early Brain Development and Demonstrate a Critical or Sensitive Period

Macronutrients
Proteina
Specific fats (eg, LC-PUFAs)a
Glucose
Micronutrients
Zinca
Coppera
Iodinea
Irona
Selenium
Vitamins and cofactors
B vitamins (B6, B12)
Vitamin A
Vitamin K
Folatea
Cholinea
  • LC-PUFA, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid. Reprinted with permission from Georgieff MK, Brunette KE, Tran PV. Early life nutrition and neural plasticity. Dev Psychopathol. 2015;27(2):415.

  • a Nutrients that meet the principles for demonstrating a critical or sensitive period during development.