TABLE 2

Factors Contributing to Vulnerability to Child Trafficking

IndividualFamilyCommunitySocietal
LGBTQ37PovertyTolerance of sexual or labor exploitationGender-based violence and discrimination
Abuse or neglectUnemploymentNatural disaster or community upheavalCultural beliefs or stigma
Sexual exploitationIntrafamilial violenceDemand for cheap laborWeak recognition of child rights
Substance misuseForced migrationCommunity violencePolitical or social upheaval
Homeless, runaway, or thrown out of homeLack of community resources/support
Untreated mental health problemsLack of awareness of trafficking practices
Behavioral problems
Involvement with legal system
Involvement with child protective services system
Lack of documentation (immigration, birth certificate, etc)
Unaccompanied status, including immigrant and refugee children
  • The following references were used as sources of information for this table: 4,12,13,17,23,27,3134,3840. —, not applicable.