TABLE 4

Characteristics of Pediatric Patients With Cointoxications

Patients1234
Year2005200720102011
Age, mo10191322
SymptomsHypotension, tachycardia, agitation, seizures, and altered consciousnessTachycardia, comatose, apneas, and hypoventilationHypertension, comatose, and hypothermiaTachycardia and ataxia
MydriasisNoNoYesYes
GCS106614
CointoxicantsCocaineBuprenorphineCocaine and tramadolLevorphanol
LOS, d713NS
PICUNoNoYesYes
Social measuresFoster care placementSimple CPS reportSpecial concern CPS reportNone
Patients5678
Year2013201320142014
Age, mo1391714
SymptomsTachycardia, hypothermia, hyperventilation, hypertonia, and hyponatremiaTachycardia, hypotonia, and altered consciousnessComatose, nystagmus, and hyponatremiaTachycardia, hypoventilation, altered consciousness, and hyperthermia
MydriasisYesNoYesNo
GCS713612
CointoxicantsBenzodiazepinesParacetamolBenzodiazepinesParacetamol
LOS, d2221
PICUYesNoYesNo
Social measuresSimple CPS reportSimple CPS reportSimple CPS reportSpecial concern CPS report
  • GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; LOS, length of stay; NS, nonspecified.