TABLE 4

Mediation Analysis of Income on the Association Between Child TL at Age 9 and Father Loss, Exit, Incarceration, and Death (N = 2420)

Any LossSeparation and/or DivorceIncarcerationDeath
Father loss (% difference in TL)−14** (.008)−7* (.02)−6* (.05)−0 (.75)−10* (.01)−7* (.03)−16** (.005)−12** (.007)
Change in income (% difference in TL)3* (.02)3* (.02)3* (.02)3* (.02)
Mediation (%)53953025
  • All analyses control for race/ethnicity; mother’s age and education at baseline; household income at baseline; child’s sex, birth weight, and birth order; report of whether parents discussed an abortion; parental report of how their relationship was going before the child’s birth; parental history of depression at baseline; parental history of an alcohol problem at baseline; parental incarceration history; if there was any domestic violence during the pregnancy; mother’s self-report of health; and if the mother lived with her parents at age 15.

  • * P < .05.

  • ** P < .01, 2-tailed (P values in parentheses).