TABLE 3

Participant and Family Characteristics

CharacteristicPercentage of Participants
Sex
 Male53
 Female47
Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic68
 Hispanic32
Race
 White87
 African American5
 Asian3
 Native American2
 Other3
Communication mode used with the child
 Primarily spoken language74
  Spoken language only30
  Spoken language with occasional use of sign language44
 Sign language and spoken language22
 Sign language only4
Hearing status of the parent
 Both parents hearing83
 One or both parents deaf and/or hard of hearinga17
Mother’s highest educational degree
 Less than bachelor’s degree71
  Less than high school13
  High school38
  Vocational8
  Associate’s12
 Bachelor’s degree or higher29
  Bachelor’s22
  Graduate7
  • a Of the parents who were deaf or hard of hearing, approximately half used sign language when communicating with their child.