TABLE 1

Child Care Center and Director Characteristics

Characteristics2008, n = 1500a2016, n = 518aPb
NAEYCc accreditation, n (%)643 (44)186 (38)<.05
Head Start, n (%)209 (14)76 (15).71
Youngest age, n (%)<.001
 0–6 wk135 (9)56 (11)
 7 wk–24 mo1218 (81)351 (68)
 ≥25 mo147 (10)111 (21)
Average daily attendance, M (SD)61.7 (28.1)61.6 (29.2).95
Most common racial background of attendees, n (%)<.001
 White913 (63)250 (50)
 African American235 (16)46 (9)
 Latino/Latina101 (7)57 (11)
 Other32 (2)8 (2)
 Mixed backgrounds without single most common race169 (12)142 (28)
Director’s highest level of education, n (%)<.001
 High school diploma or associates degree621 (42)166 (32)
 Bachelor’s623 (42)236 (46)
 Master’s or above232 (16)114 (22)
Director degree in early childhood education or child development, n (%)883 (72)362 (77)<.05
Director total years of experience, M (SD)17.8 (9)19 (10)<.05
Director worked in same center in 2009, No. (%)NA282 (55)NA
  • NA, not applicable.

  • a n reflects total sample. Totals for individual variables may vary due to missing data.

  • b P values determined by using χ2 and independent samples t test.

  • c Programs accredited, or in the process of accreditation, by a program like the NAEYC.