TABLE 1

Approach to Assessment by Program Common Elements

OrganizationCourseAudienceABCDEPATSAMPLEPhysical ExamScene Safety
American Academy of PediatricsPediatric Education for Prehospital Professionals (PEPP)Prehospital professionals (emergency medical responders, emergency medical technicians, paramedics)XXXXX
Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS)Physicians, nurses, pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs), physician assistants (PAs)XXXX
National Association of Emergency Medical TechniciansPrehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS)Prehospital professionalsXXXX
Emergency Pediatric Care (EPC)Prehospital professionalsXXXXX
American Heart AssociationPediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)Health care professionals who respond to emergencies in infants and childrenXXX
American College of SurgeonsAdvanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS)Physicians, nurses, PNPs, PAsXXX
Emergency Nurses AssociationEmergency Nursing Pediatric Course (ENPC)Emergency nursesXXXX
International Trauma Life SupportInternational Trauma Life Support (ITLS)Prehospital professionals, physicians, nurses, PNPs, PAsXXXX
National Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationEMS education standardsPrehospital professionalsXXXX
  • X indicates inclusion in the current curriculum. EMS, Emergency Medical Services for Children; SAMPLE, signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, last meal or liquids, events leading to presentation.