TABLE 1

Birth and Child Assessment Characteristics by DHR Status, NSW 2009 and 2012

DHRa
YesNo
N (Column %b)n (Row %)n (Row %)
Total153 359 (100.0)14 654 (9.6)138 705 (90.4)
Gestational age, wk
 32–331235 (0.8)163 (13.2)1072 (86.8)
 34–367348 (4.8)963 (13.1)6385 (86.9)
 378857 (5.8)1021 (11.5)7836 (88.5)
 3825 608 (16.7)2486 (9.7)23 122 (90.3)
 3937 951 (24.7)3372 (8.9)34 579 (91.1)
 4044 832 (29.2)4078 (9.1)40 754 (90.9)
 ≥4127 528 (18.0)2571 (9.3)24 957 (90.7)
Mode of birth
 Spontaneous onset of labor, vaginal birth78 925 (51.5)7848 (9.9)71 077 (90.1)
 Spontaneous onset of labor, cesarean delivery10 957 (7.1)1029 (9.4)9928 (90.6)
 Induction of labor, vaginal birth31 085 (20.3)2892 (9.3)28 193 (90.7)
 Induction of labor, cesarean delivery7210 (4.7)683 (9.5)6527 (90.5)
 Prelabor cesarean delivery25 182 (16.4)2202 (8.7)22 980 (91.3)
Maternal age groups, y
 <205739 (3.7)1120 (19.5)4619 (80.5)
 20–2421 625 (14.1)3136 (14.5)18 489 (85.5)
 25–2942 120 (27.5)3885 (9.2)38 235 (90.8)
 30–3451 940 (33.9)3859 (7.4)48 081 (92.6)
 35–3926 505 (17.3)2122 (8.0)24 383 (92.0)
 ≥405419 (3.5)531 (9.8)4888 (90.2)
Married including de facto
 No23 932 (15.6)3888 (16.2)20 044 (83.8)
 Yes127 779 (83.3)10 597 (8.3)117 182 (91.7)
 Unknown1648 (1.1)169 (10.3)1479 (89.7)
Mother Australian born
 No40 514 (26.4)4290 (10.6)36 224 (89.4)
 Yes112 749 (73.5)10 356 (9.2)102 393 (90.8)
Private obstetric care
 No100 397 (65.5)11 851 (11.8)88 546 (88.2)
 Yes52 258 (34.1)2737 (5.2)49 521 (94.8)
 Unknown704 (0.5)66 (9.4)638 (90.6)
Socioeconomic quintile at birth
 1 (least disadvantaged)29 837 (19.5)1599 (5.4)28 238 (94.6)
 229 394 (19.2)2299 (7.8)27 095 (92.2)
 330 933 (20.2)2962 (9.6)27 971 (90.4)
 429 280 (19.1)3215 (11.0)26 065 (89.0)
 5 (most disadvantaged)33 521 (21.9)4545 (13.6)28 976 (86.4)
Smoking during pregnancy
 No129 516 (84.5)10 475 (8.1)119 041 (91.9)
 Yes23 841 (15.5)4179 (17.5)19 662 (82.5)
Any hypertension
 No138 968 (90.6)13 161 (9.5)125 807 (90.5)
 Yes14 391 (9.4)1493 (10.4)12 898 (89.6)
Any diabetes
 No143 879 (93.8)13 604 (9.5)130 275 (90.5)
 Yes9480 (6.2)1050 (11.1)8430 (88.9)
Parity
 063 489 (41.4)5505 (8.7)57 984 (91.3)
 152 761 (34.4)4389 (8.3)48 372 (91.7)
 ≥236 983 (24.1)4745 (12.8)32 238 (87.2)
Antenatal care <20 wk
 No15 636 (10.2)2379 (15.2)13 257 (84.8)
 Yes135 951 (88.6)12 005 (8.8)123 946 (91.2)
 Unknown1772 (1.2)270 (15.2)1502 (84.8)
Plurality
 Singleton149 144 (97.3)14 206 (9.5)134 938 (90.5)
 Multiple4215 (2.7)448 (10.6)3767 (89.4)
Small for gestational age
 No137 987 (90.0)12 546 (9.1)125 441 (90.9)
 Yes15 301 (10.0)2102 (13.7)13 199 (86.3)
5 min Apgar score <7
 No151 469 (98.8)14 418 (9.5)137 051 (90.5)
 Yes1543 (1.0)187 (12.1)1356 (87.9)
Major congenital conditions
 No147 963 (96.5)14 078 (9.5)133 885 (90.5)
 Yes5396 (3.5)576 (10.7)4820 (89.3)
Sex
 Male77 626 (50.6)10 196 (13.1)67 430 (86.9)
 Female75 725 (49.4)4458 (5.9)71 267 (94.1)
Age at assessment, y/mo
 <512 301 (8.0)1691 (13.7)10 610 (86.3)
 5 to 5/561 844 (40.3)6661 (10.8)55 183 (89.2)
 5/6 to 5/1165 595 (42.8)4992 (7.6)60 603 (92.4)
 ≥613 619 (8.9)1310 (9.6)12 309 (90.4)
English as a second language
 No128 175 (83.6)11 111 (8.7)117 064 (91.3)
 Yes25 184 (16.4)3543 (14.1)21 641 (85.9)
Year of assessment
 200973 090 (47.7)7316 (10.0)65 774 (90.0)
 201280 269 (52.3)7338 (9.1)72 931 (90.9)
  • a DV on ≥2 domains.

  • b Column percentages may not add to 100% because of missing data.