TABLE 5

Logistic Regression Models Estimating Children's Health as a Function of Foster Care Placement, With Comparisons to Economically Disadvantaged Children: 2011–2012 NSCH

Fair or Poor HealthLearning DisabilityADD or ADHDDepressionAnxiety
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Children in foster care versus children in households below poverty line (N = 22 793)0.69(0.23–2.06)1.11(0.58–2.14)3.53(1.85–6.74)4.79(2.02–11.32)2.08(0.97–4.48)
Children in foster care versus children in households receiving welfare (N = 8533)0.53(0.12–2.39)0.93(0.40–2.14)3.31(1.61–6.81)2.66(0.85–8.30)2.71(1.07–6.88)
Children in foster care versus children with public health insurance (N = 28 433)0.75(0.33–1.72)1.31(0.77–2.24)3.16(1.97–5.06)4.93(2.64–9.22)3.78(2.24–6.38)
Children in foster care versus children with no health insurance (N = 6617)0.14(0.03–0.69)0.52(0.14–1.91)0.60(0.12–2.98)2.94(0.51–17.15)0.28(0.06–1.38)
Children in foster care versus children of parents with < high school diploma (N = 13 771)0.34(0.08–1.52)1.71(0.87–3.37)3.20(1.68–6.11)3.54(1.34–9.30)3.30(1.65–6.60)
Children in foster care versus children with unemployed parent (N = 12 372)0.83(0.29–2.37)1.08(0.51–2.29)3.95(2.00–7.81)3.99(1.62–9.82)3.58(1.63–7.83)
Children in foster care versus children in not always safe neighborhoods (N = 38 094)0.55(0.19–1.65)0.96(0.50–1.86)2.83(1.59–5.04)4.41(1.84–10.54)3.65(1.90–7.01)
Children in foster care versus children with 3+ indicators of SES disadvantage (N = 21 077)0.69(0.30–1.57)1.42(0.84–2.42)3.13(1.91–5.13)4.78(2.47–9.25)3.67(2.11–6.39)
Behavioral ProblemsDevelopmental DelayAsthmaObesitySpeech Problems
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Children in foster care versus children in households below poverty line (N = 22 793)3.41(1.64–7.09)0.96(0.40–2.30)2.04(1.03–4.04)1.50(0.72–3.15)0.96(0.44–2.09)
Children in foster care versus children in households receiving welfare (N = 8533)3.13(1.47–6.65)0.72(0.25–2.10)1.30(0.53–3.18)1.61(0.65–4.01)1.05(0.46–2.41)
Children in foster care versus children with public health insurance (N = 28 433)4.24(2.57–7.02)1.30(0.75–2.24)1.39(0.79–2.44)0.97(0.53–1.77)2.06(1.07–3.99)
Children in foster care versus children with no health insurance (N = 6617)1.76(0.50–6.23)1.05(0.20–5.50)1.59(0.50–5.03)1.84(0.48–7.10)0.99(0.14–6.89)
Children in foster care versus children of parents with < high school diploma (N = 13 771)3.74(1.99–7.04)0.78(0.33–1.88)0.72(0.36–1.44)0.81(0.33–1.99)0.96(0.35–2.61)
Children in foster care versus children with unemployed parent (N = 12 372)3.17(1.44–7.01)1.23(0.49–3.08)1.24(0.52–2.95)0.73(0.31–1.68)2.06(0.86–4.95)
Children in foster care versus children in not always safe neighborhoods (N = 38 094)3.48(1.87–6.47)1.22(0.59–2.50)1.31(0.69–2.49)0.94(0.49–1.81)2.04(0.90–4.66)
Children in foster care versus children with 3+ indicators of SES disadvantage (N = 21 077)4.14(2.44–7.03)1.28(0.71–2.32)1.63(0.93–2.85)0.96(0.51–1.81)1.88(0.96–3.71)
Hearing ProblemsVision ProblemsActivity Limitation
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Children in foster care versus children in households below poverty line (N = 22 793)0.80(0.26–2.51)2.09(0.43–10.22)0.72(0.32–1.62)
Children in foster care versus children in households receiving welfare (N = 8533)0.88(0.14–5.67)4.23(1.27–14.08)0.87(0.31–2.39)
Children in foster care versus children with public health insurance (N = 28 433)1.66(0.36–7.54)0.99(0.35–2.81)1.25(0.74–2.12)
Children in foster care versus children with no health insurance (N = 6617)0.67(0.07–6.68)5.60(0.39–80.60)0.97(0.23–4.06)
Children in foster care versus children of parents with < high school diploma (N = 13 771)1.37(0.35–5.34)1.06(0.25–4.40)0.71(0.29–1.74)
Children in foster care versus children with unemployed parent (N = 12 372)1.50(0.12–19.34)0.84(0.21–3.30)1.24(0.56–2.76)
Children in foster care versus children in not always safe neighborhoods (N = 38 094)4.43(0.48–40.74)1.39(0.22–8.67)0.90(0.40–2.01)
Children in foster care versus children with 3+ indicators of SES disadvantage (N = 21 077)1.43(0.30–6.71)1.40(0.36–5.50)1.33(0.76–2.34)
  • Across each outcome variable, the reference category is children who were neither placed in foster care nor adopted from foster care. All models adjust for the following: child age, child is a girl, child born low birth weight, child race/ethnicity, child first- or second-generation immigrant, mother age, parent highest educational attainment, parent married to child's biological father, parent unemployed, family often has difficulty getting by on its income, household member receives welfare, household member receives WIC, household income below the poverty line, parent owns home, child health insurance, child saw doctor in past year, parent in fair or poor health, household member smokes inside home, and neighborhood not always safe for child. All analyses account for the sampling design.