TABLE 1

Weighted Means or Frequencies of All Variables Included in Analyses, for All Children, Children Placed in Foster Care, and Children Not Placed in Foster Care: 2011–2012 NSCH

% or Mean
Outcome variables
 Fair or poor health (ages 0–17 y)3.2
 Learning disability (ages 3–17 y)7.9
 ADD or ADHD (ages 2–17 y)7.7
 Depression (ages 2–17 y)2.1
 Anxiety (ages 2–17 y)3.3
 Behavioral problems (ages 2–17 y)3.1
 Developmental delay (ages 2–17 y)3.5
 Asthma (ages 0–17 y)8.8
 Obesity (ages 10–17 y)15.8
 Speech problems (ages 2–17 y)4.8
 Hearing problems (ages 0–17 y)1.2
 Vision problems (ages 0–17 y)1.3
 Activity limitation (ages 0–17 y)4.9
Independent variables
 Foster care placement0.5
 Adopted from foster care0.8
 Married biological parents52.7
 Cohabiting biological parents5.2
 Married step-parents5.6
 Cohabiting step-parents2.2
 Single mother13.0
 Single father2.5
 Only grandparents1.9
 Grandparents and parents8.9
 Only relatives0.5
 Relatives and parents3.6
 Nonrelatives1.4
 Other complex family type1.3
Control variables
 Child age (y; range: 0–17)8.6
 Child sex (girl)48.8
 Child born low birth weight9.5
 Child race/ethnicity
  Non–Hispanic white45.6
  Non–Hispanic black16.0
  Hispanic25.9
  Non–Hispanic other12.5
 Child first– or second–generation immigrant26.2
 Mother age, y
  20–2918.9
  30–3941.8
  40–4932.0
  50–59 7.3
 Parent educational attainment
  Less than high school11.3
  High school diploma37.6
  Postsecondary education51.1
 Parent unemployed15.9
 Family often has difficulty getting by on its in com9.1
 Household member receives welfare10.3
 Household member receives WIC16.8
 Household income below poverty line29.5
 Child health insurance
  Private insurance54.8
  Public insurance38.2
  No insurance7.0
 Child saw doctor in past year88.1
 Parent owns home61.7
 Parent fair or poor health16.1
 Household member smokes inside home6.0
 Neighborhood not always safe for child43.6
N93 234
  • Ns vary across outcome variables because not all outcome variables were ascertained for children at all ages.