TABLE 1

Sociodemographic Characteristics of the Sample Population, Overall and by Childcare Arrangement Status: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Birth Cohort

CharacteristicOverall (n ∼ 7200a)Parental Care, %Nonparental Childcare, %
Prevalence51.348.7
Boys51.749.653.1
Child race
 African-American15.711.120.6
 Hispanic23.126.619.4
 Asian3.43.73.1
 Other3.23.13.1
 White54.655.453.9
Household income
 ≤$25 00033.937.030.3
 $25 001–50 00029.331.927.4
 >$50 00036.831.142.3
Parent education
 ≤High school/GED46.052.139.7
 Vocational school/some college29.327.331
 ≥Some college24.820.629.3
Two parent household80.685.675.3
Unsafe neighborhood8.19.47.2
Overweight/obesity prevalence, %
 2 y (2003–2004)17.114.919.4
 Preschool (2005–2006)34.433.135.7
 Kindergarten (2006)35.133.237.1
  • a Unweighted sample size rounded to the nearest 50, in compliance with NCES ECLS-B data reporting requirements.