TABLE 1

Federal Lead Poisoning Prevention Policies

Policy or LegislationYearComment
Lead Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act1971First major lead-based paint legislation; addressed lead-based paint in federal housing.
Phase Out Lead in Gasoline1973US EPA regulated a phase-out of lead in gasoline.
Ban on Residential Paint1978CPSC banned lead paint in residential properties.
Safe Drinking Water Act1986US EPA banned use of lead pipes and lead solder in plumbing.
Housing and Community Development Act1987Highlighted the danger to children of lead-contaminated dust.
Lead Contamination Control Act1988Authorized CDC to make grants to state and local programs to screen children and to provide for education about lead poisoning.
Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act, Title X1992Established primary prevention of lead poisoning as a national strategy.
Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing1995, 2012HUD established guidelines for evaluating and controlling residential lead-based paint hazards.
Ban Lead Solder in Food Cans1995FDA amended food additive regulations to ban lead solder from food cans.
Lead Safe Housing Rule1999, 2012Regulation issued by HUD setting forth new requirements for lead-based paint notification, evaluation, and remediation.
Hazard Standards for Lead in Paint, Dust and Soil2001US EPA established a definition of a lead-based paint hazard and standards for paint, dust, and soil in children’s play areas.
Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act2008CPSC lowered the cap on lead in paint from 0.06% to 0.0009% and incorporated the Lead-Free Toy Act, setting limit on lead content in toys.
Lead Renovation, Repair and Paint Rule2010US EPA required contractors working on homes built before 1978 to be certified and follow lead safe guidelines.