TABLE 1

Characteristics of Nicotine and Tobacco Product Exposures Among Children Younger Than 6 Years, NPDS, January 2012 to April 2015

CharacteristicsType of Nicotine and Tobacco ProductsTotal, n (%a)
E-cigarette, n (%a)Cigarette, n (%a)Other, n (%a)Unknown, n (%a)
Age, y
 0367 (8.9)7715 (44.1)1145 (24.0)579 (21.3)9806 (33.7)
 11452 (35.2)8325 (47.5)2457 (51.4)1156 (42.5)13 390 (45.9)
 21591 (38.5)1198 (6.8)804 (16.8)628 (23.1)4221 (14.5)
 3487 (11.8)160 (0.9)222 (4.6)242 (8.9)1111 (3.8)
 4161 (3.9)62 (0.4)95 (2.0)80 (2.9)398 (1.4)
 567 (1.6)30 (0.2)49 (1.0)36 (1.3)182 (0.6)
 <6b3 (0.1)22 (0.1)6 (0.1)2 (0.1)33 (0.1)
 Total (row %c)4128 (14.2)17 512 (60.1)4778 (16.4)2723 (9.3)29 141 (100.0)
Gender
 Girls1842 (44.6)7851 (44.8)1912 (40.0)1141 (41.9)12 746 (43.7)
 Boys2278 (55.2)9632 (55.0)2861 (59.9)1578 (58.0)16 349 (56.1)
 Unknown8 (0.2)29 (0.2)5 (0.1)4 (0.1)46 (0.2)
 Total (row %c)4128 (14.2)17 512 (60.1)4778 (16.4)2723 (9.3)29 141 (100.0)
US regions
 South1805 (43.7)6636 (37.9)2009 (42.0)928 (34.1)11 378 (39.0)
 Midwest866 (21.0)4290 (24.5)1290 (27.0)822 (30.2)7268 (24.9)
 West1149 (27.8)4016 (22.9)1036 (21.7)674 (24.8)6875 (23.6)
 Northeast308 (7.5)2570 (14.7)443 (9.3)299 (11.0)3620 (12.4)
 Total (row %c)4128 (14.2)17 512 (60.1)4778 (16.4)2723 (9.3)29 141 (100.0)
Exposure Site
 Residence4100 (99.3)17 300 (98.8)4743 (99.3)2692 (98.9)28 835 (98.9)
 Nonresidence22 (0.5)186 (1.1)31 (0.6)23 (0.8)262 (0.9)
 Unknown6 (0.1)26 (0.1)4 (0.1)8 (0.3)44 (0.2)
 Total (row %c)4128 (14.2)17 512 (60.1)4778 (16.4)2723 (9.3)29 141 (100.0)
Route of exposure
 Ingestion3363 (81.5)17 279 (98.7)4612 (96.5)2563 (94.1)27 817 (95.5)
 Ingestion+d402 (9.7)204 (1.2)121 (2.5)86 (3.2)813 (2.8)
 Dermal136 (3.3)9 (0.1)11 (0.2)43 (1.6)199 (0.7)
 Inhalation/nasal134 (3.2)6 (0.0)3 (0.1)12 (0.4)155 (0.5)
 Ocular67 (1.6)3 (0.0)20 (0.4)13 (0.5)103 (0.4)
 Other+e21 (0.5)4 (0.0)6 (0.1)4 (0.1)35 (0.1)
 Unknown5 (0.1)7 (0.0)5 (0.1)2 (0.1)19 (0.1)
 Total (row %c)4128 (14.2)17 512 (60.1)4778 (16.4)2723 (9.3)29 141 (100.0)
Access to product
 Stored within sight of child100 (41.2)409 (44.5)118 (48.2)43 (49.4)670 (44.8)
 Product always left out15 (6.2)95 (10.3)31 (12.7)12 (13.8)153 (10.2)
 Product temporarily open and in use30 (12.3)61 (6.6)28 (11.4)9 (10.3)128 (8.6)
 Child accessed product from purse8 (3.3)106 (11.5)2 (2.3)116 (7.8)
 Product stored inappropriately19 (7.8)46 (5.0)20 (8.2)5 (5.7)90 (6.0)
 Other+f71 (29.2)203 (22.1)48 (19.6)16 (18.4)338 (22.6)
 Total (row %c)243 (16.3)920 (61.5)245 (16.4)87 (5.8)1495 (100.0)
  • a Column percentages may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding error.

  • b PCCs were unable to obtain the exact age for these cases, but it was known that the child was <6 years old.

  • c Row percentages may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding error.

  • d Ingestion+ includes the NPDS category of ingestion combined with ≥1 other exposure routes.

  • e Other+ includes “other,” “ocular+dermal,” “inhalation/nasal+dermal,” and “otic.”

  • f Other+ includes “other” and single or multiple scenarios with <20 cases.